Occupational Safety and Health - Principles of Risk Management - Assessment Answer

March 02, 2018
Author : Ashley Simons

Solution Code: 1AGJI

Question: Occupational Safety and Health

This assignment falls under Occupational Safety and Health which was successfully solved by the assignment writing experts at My Assignment Services AU under assignment help through guided sessions service.

Occupational Safety and Health Assignment

Assignment Task

PART 1

Carry out a safety inspection at your own workplace (if not possible, then at a workplace where you can negotiate an access for the purpose of this exercise, such as a petrol station, a retail store or similar).

  1. Identify the widest possible range of occupational hazards.
  2. For each occupational hazard identified by you, assess whether the current control strategies in place are adequate and satisfactory, complying with the legislative requirements. Refer to these legislative requirements.
  3. If not satisfactory, propose improved control strategies for each such hazard.

Preparation and assignment instructions

For this part you are required to undertake research and if practical attempt to obtain Strategic and Operational Occupational Safety and Health Plans from organisations. Review the plans and assess how they compare against the researched legislative requirements.

Resources

The following resources will assist:

  • Unit recommended texts
  • Occupational Safety & Health Legislation
  • Internet addresses provided

Part 2

  • List and define the basic principles of risk management and briefly discuss the rationale of the concept and the advantages that it offers to an organisation.
  • Develop the recommendations for your CEO that clearly articulate:

a) Why your organisation should implement the principles of risk management.

b) Your recommendations on an implementation process .

Preparation

Before starting this assignment, you should have gained a thorough understanding of the risk management principles, process, and their application aligned with the Occupational Safety and Health Legislative requirements.

Much information is available on risk management and its application in contemporary organisational strategies. You are encouraged to undertake research and attempt to obtain copies of an organisational Risk Management Policy and procedures. Importantly, you need to be clear on the principles of risk assessment, risk rating and prioritisation of the hazard/risk relationship as this will underpin the prevention of loss in the organisational plan.

Be prepared to demonstrate the reliability of your recommendations through supporting references. Most of all be clear on how the application of risk management strategies can reduce or eliminate occupational safety and health loss to the organisation.

Resources

The following resources will assist:

  • Unit recommended texts
  • Occupational Safety & Health Legislation
  • Internet addresses provided and Australian Standards

The assignment file was solved by professional Occupational Safety and Health experts and academic professionals at My Assignment Services AU. The solution file, as per the marking rubric, is of high quality and 100% original (as reported by Turnitin). The assignment help through guided sessions was delivered to the student within the 2-3 days to submission.

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Solution:

Occupational Safety and HealthMy exercise involved carrying out a study at a petrol station in Victoria. I managed to come across some of the health hazards some of which were well managed while some were still posing a lot of risk for the workers. People around gas stations are faced with risks of physical, chemical, physiological, and biological hazards. Cases of gas incidences are usually high and especially the cases with fuel contact with the eye. A close look at a petrol station I realized that workers around the gas station are at risk of physical harm most of which come from the noise of vehicles and extreme temperatures most of which depend on the prevailing weather condition. Contact with fuel also provided chemical risks especially with contact to benzene. The diversity of clients that visit the station after every minute also possess biological threats to the station workers. They may include viruses, bacterial, and fungal infections. In this case we can define occupational accident as anything that may cause harm or endanger the life of an employee or other persons associated with the environment.

STEP BY STEP WORK ACTIVITY POTENTIAL HAZARD/RISK CONTROL MEASURES/Recommendations

1. Loading goods from the truck

  • Back pain
  • Slipping
  • uneven forces

  • The truck posed some of the occupational hazards most of which were well in line with the standards of occupational health and safety Australia. For example, when the truck arrived there was need to have some tools and equipment that would be used in delivery of the goods to the store. Some of them included a jumbo step, safe T step, flat bed trolley and a hand truck. Handling of these equipment and tools required gloves to be worn by the operators. This was done and so was the high visibility vests.
  • use a flat top trolley to move the heavy goods between the truck and the store according to organization health and safety code of regulations
  • I also noticed that the workers failed to provide safety and warning signs required to prevent entry or movement of cars within the work station at least to demarcate the working environment. I was also able to notice that the loaders were not wearing any helmet something that was very necessary in case of anything dropping from above even though there was no impeding danger from above.

2. Walking

  • Ran over
  • Falling

  • observe vehicle movements

3.Walking Oil Spillage

  • I also did an inspection and was assured that there were no evidences of spillage on the working environment. Occupation safety and health requires that the gas stations be free from any spillages at any time since they pose huge danger especially that of fire due to the high flammability nature of the gases. The surface over which the movement was involved was not quite flat and hence the workers needed to step carefully over any curbs or through any uneven surface.

4.

5 Gas Smell

  • Irritation of smell
  • Vomiting

  • For the gases they may cause respiratory diseases. Gas masks can be used to control the effect.

6. Noise

  • Ear blockage

  • The noise from other vehicles was also difficult to avoid. Ear masks can also be used in case the noise of the vehicles coming in and out of the station are affecting you.

7 Stick Dipping

Spill kit

wheelie bin

a reflective tape,

e-flare,

and flameproof torch

  • Contact with the skin
  • Nose infections wit irritating smell

  • Failure to wear the gloves while handling gas pumps was also noted. In this case we must understand that benzene is poisonous to human skin and has been associated with skin lesions and intoxications of the digestive track and may possibly lead to leukemia. It is therefore necessary that gas station operators put on protective clothing like gloves and other tight overalls to prevent their skin from coming into contact with the gas. I was also very keen to observe the kind of warning signs that were illustrated within the gas station.
  • Due to the high flammability of gases warning signs such as no smoking were widely visible around the gas station. Other signs available were that of not using mobile phones while in the station. First aid equipment were also widely visible within the station. They included the fire extinguishers, fire blankets, and sand that were well stationed around the gas station. A fire assembly point as also visible around the gas station and exit points in case of fire or accidents were also well addressed. Generally, I must accept that the station was well stationed to deal with hazards and possible accidents.
  • The protective clothing for the exercise include a high visibility vest that is reflective both day and night and gloves.

8. Tank Dipping

  • Oil Spills
  • Back Pains

  • It is recommended that while dipping the stick on the tank the bark should remain straight to avoid pain. It is also recommended that during the process the person should remain upwind to prevent any risk of vapor inhalation. It is also not advisable to dip the stick on the tank when the delivery process is ongoing.

9.

 

Part 2 Principles of Risk Management

The first principle of risk management is to be able to access the sources of information and data to identify any form of hazards or risks. That can be done through the review of the workplace sources of information as well as key input from the key personnel and OHS specialists. The second principle is to analyze the working environment while identifying any hazards. That is simply done through defining and identifying when the action for hazard identification is required within the organization. In addition, examination of tasks and environment can also be done to identify any situation upon which potential risk of health may arise within the organization. That can also be done through the workforce structure in which the organization and work relationships are identified with any potential risk of health. The next principle is always to assess the risks that are associated with the hazards. Assessment can be done through the identification of factors that could be contributing to the risk. It is also important at this stage to identify any risk control measures for each hazard noted. Basically, the adequacy of the current control measures can also be verified while taking account into the relevant standards and knowledge. It will be irrelevant to study the risk associated within the organization if one fails to identify the discrepancies that exist between the current controls and the required quality of control. Meanwhile it is necessary to prioritize all these hazards and document the methods and outcomes of risk assessment process. The next principle is to control the risk associated with the hazard. That can be easily done through a well-developed rang of control measures with collaboration of stakeholders while taking into account some of the outcomes of the risks as well as the hierarchy of control. Still while controlling the risks it is necessary to identify any potential factor that may be hindering the effectiveness of controls. Advices from OHS specialists is also important at this moment if necessary. In addition, relevant authorities may be accessed to initiate and maintain controls to avoid risks and hazards  (OHS, 2012). The next important step is maintaining the identification and risk control process. Such measures are well done through risks registers that are relevant to the work place. Documenting and communication of risk procedures to the employees and key personnel is also necessary. Possible training and communication of outcomes of risk is also important. The last principle is to monitor and review the management of risks process while identifying the frequencies of occurrences of the risk and methods used to control them. It is also necessary to regularly review the effectiveness of risk management processes applied within the organization.

Recommendations for the CEO

Every organization requires that principles of risk management are applied because of the many benefits that come with it. According to AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009) the number one principle of risk management is simply identifying the hazard. That is then followed by the assessment of the risk which should be eliminated and controlled  (New South Wales, 2012). The whole process should then be reviewed and monitored to reduce any form of occurrences

Control of risks within the organization also follows a hierarchy that requires strategies that either eliminate or control the risks that we have developed from the research process in the organization. I therefore that all members of the organization follow the following procedure or reducing and controlling possible risks and hazards.

Recommendation Category Priority Action Level Remedial Actions
Identify the Hazards 1

  • . I will therefore recommend that we review hazards as an organization prior to purchasing them especially equipment and machines.
  • The organization can also conduct inspection at workplaces to identify the hazards. The organization should also contact hazard reports from eduSafe and other health surveillance reports to identify any possible threats in terms of hazards and risks  (Stewart A, 2011).
  • It is also recommended that for each hazard identified it should be well documented and possible measures of control be written against it for effective communication.

Assess the Risk 2

  • Our organization can also assess the risks involved within the workplace. Conducting a search through a questionnaire would be the best method to position the likelihood of risks. That can be categorized under rare, likely, possible, unlikely, and almost certain.
  • Besides that we can also conduct a research on the consequences of the hazards and monitor if they are major, severe, moderate, minor or insignificant.
  • Such measures will also help our organization to monitor risk levels on whether they are high medium or extreme or even low. Following the OHS risk level in comparison to our results it is possible to eliminate the risks and control them  (New South Wales Government, 2012).

Control the Risk 3

  • Please note Mr. CEO that it is not certain that if the strategies mentioned above if applied in isolation will reduce the risks and hazards to tolerable levels. For example, elimination requires complete removal of the hazardous substances within the working environment while substitution requires that there is a change in the workplace practices.
  • For example, the old chairs can be substituted with adjustable ergonomic chairs to eliminate risks of injuries. On the other hand the engineering process may require that the design for the workplace environment be changed possibly to acquire enough space or to have fume chambers to remove any fumes from the labs.
  • The administrative level may also require that there I proper interaction between the key personnel and the systems in operation to identify , report, control, and avoid any risks and hazards within the work station. Personal Protective Equipment PPE are measures that are effectively reducing the possible contact between the hazards from the person. They mainly consist of putting on gloves and footwear.

Evaluate the Risk 4

  • Lastly Mr. CEO it is always recommended that any measures put in place be monitored and controlled. Monitoring will allow the organization to acquire the feedback of the effectiveness of hazard control. Review of the risk control measures is always necessary especially with the change of working equipment and machines.
  • Regular training is also necessary especially for new employees who are still not well furnished with the working environment and codes of safety regulations. I believe that if we follow all the principles of risk management and the protocols of OHS and WSA then we are in a position to reduce possible cases of accidents within the organization.

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